10 desire Muslim administration


Al Ghazali wrote the “Nasihat al-Muluk” or “Advice for Kings” to a Seljuq Sultan in which he gave ten different ethics of royal administration:

  1. The ruler should understand the importance and danger of the authority entrusted to him. In authority there is great blessing, since he who exercises it righteously obtained unsurpassed happiness but if any ruler fails to do so he incurs torment surpassed only by the torment for unbelief.
  2. The ruler should always be thirsting to meet devout religious scholars and ask them for advice.
  3. The ruler should understand that he must not covet the wives of other men and be content with personally refraining from injustice, but must discipline his slave-troops, servants, and officers and never tolerate unjust conduct by them; for he will be interrogated not only about his own unjust deeds but also about those of his staff.
  4. The ruler should not be dominated by pride; for pride gives rise to the dominance of anger, and will impel him to revenge. Anger is the evil genius and blight of the intellect. If anger is becoming dominant it will be necessary for the ruler in all his affairs to bend his inclinations in the direction of forgiveness and make a habit of generosity and forbearance unless he is to be like the wild beasts.
  5. In every situation that arises, the ruler should figure that he is the subject and the other person is the holder of authority. He should not sanction for others anything that he would not sanction for himself. For if he would do so he would be making fraudulent and treasonable use of the authority entrusted to him.
  6. The ruler should not disregard the attendance of petitioners at his court and should beware of the danger of so doing. He should solve the grievances of the Muslims.
  7. The ruler should not form a habit of indulging the passions. Although he might dress more finely or eat more sumptuously, he should be content with all that he has; for without contentment, just conduct will not be possible.
  8. The ruler should make the utmost effort to behave gently and avoid governing harshly.
  9. The ruler should endeavor to keep all the subjects pleased with him. The ruler should not let himself be so deluded by the praise he gets from any who approach him as to believe that all the subjects are pleased with him. On the contrary, such praise is entirely due to fear. He must therefore appoint trustworthy persons to carry on espionage and inquire about his standing among the people, so that he may be able to learn his faults from men’s tongues.
  10. The ruler should not give satisfaction to any person if a contravention of God’s law would be required to please him for no harm will come from such a person’s displeasure.

Gratitute


Take a time and  look at your surrounding. Study them. Sometimes the miracles is in front of you eye, but we forget to see. Our nature have full with miracles and unexpected.

We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their ownselves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Quran) is the truth. Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is a Witness over all things? (41:53)

A very good video which I discover here. Let watch it.

Louie Schwartzberg is an award-winning cinematographer, director, and producer whose notable career spans more than three decades providing breathtaking imagery for feature films, television shows, documentaries and commercials.

Why do we search for skills?


I once visited a deprived town to deliver a lecture, after which there came to me a teacher from outside the town. He said, “I hope you can help us finance some students.”

I said, “Strange! Aren’t the schools government funded, and therefore free?”

He said, “Indeed they are, but we would like to fund their university education.”

I said, “Well, the universities are also government funded.

They even offer student grants.”

He said, “Allow me to explain to you…”

“Go ahead”, I said.

He said, “Our students graduate from their secondary school with no less than 99%. They are so clever that if their intelligence was divided amongst the ummah, it would suffice! But when a student becomes determined to travel outside his town to study Medicine, Engineering, Islamic Law, Computer Science or anything else, his father prevents him from going, saying, ‘What you know is sufficient!Now,remain with me and be a shepherd!’”

I screamed impulsively, “Be a shepherd?!”

He said, “Yes, a shepherd!”

And indeed, the poor boy stays with his father and becomes a shepherd, whilst all his abilities are wasted. Years go by and he remains a shepherd. He may even get married and have children whom he may treat exactly as he was treated by his father.

Hence, all his children also become shepherds!

I asked, “So what’s the solution?”He said, “The solution is to convince the father to employ someone as a shepherd for a few hundred riyals, which we will pay, and allow his son to take full advantage of his skills and abilities. Of course, we will also continue to fund his son until he graduates.”

The teacher then lowered his head and said, “It is inexcusable that such skills and talents in people are wasted when they long to utilize them.”

I contemplated upon what he had said and realized that we cannot reach the pinnacle except by taking advantage of the abilities we have and acquiring those that we do not.

Yes, I would challenge anyone to find a successful person, be they successful in academia, preaching, lecturing, business, medicine, engineering, or influencing others; or be they successful in family life, such as a successful father with his children, or a successful wife with her husband; or be they successful in their social life, such as a person who is successful with his neighbors and colleagues – and I mean a truly successful person, not one who simply climbs upon others’ shoulders! – I would challenge anyone to find meany such highly successful person who does not practice certain interpersonal skills through which he has been able to achieve such success, whether they realize it or not.

Some people may exercise such interpersonal skills instinctively, while others may have to learn them in order to be successful, and these latter people are the types of successful personalities whose lives we would like to study and whose methods we would closely seek to follow in order to discover how they were successful, and to find out whether or not we can take their route to success.

A while ago, I listened to an interview with one of the most affluent people in the world,Shaykh Sulaymanal Rajihi,and found him to be a mountain in terms of his manners and thoughts. This man owns billions, possesses immense real estate, has built hundreds of mosques, and has sponsored thousands of orphans. He is hugely successful. He spoke of his humble beginnings around fifty years ago,when he was a regular person who would only have enough money to feed himself for the day, and sometimes not even that. He mentioned that he would sometimes clean people’s houses to feed himself and continue working at night at a shop or money exchange. He discussed how he was once at the bottom of the mountain, and how he continued to climb until he reached the summit.

I thought about the abilities and skills he possesses and realized that many of us are well capable of being like him, if Allah grants us the ability. If one learns these skills, exercises them, perseveres and remains steadfast, then yes, he can surely be like him.

Another reason for us to search for these skills is that some of us may have certain abilities, which we remain unaware of, or which nobody has assisted us in discovering, such as the skills of delivering a lecture, business acumen, or possessing general knowledge.

One may discover these skills on his own, through a teacher’s or a work colleague’s help, or even through a sincere brother, however few they may be! However, these skills may remain buried inside the person until his personality becomes as stale as anyone else’s, and this is when we all lose out on another leader, lecturer or scholar, or perhaps a successful husband, or a caring father.

Here we will mention certain skills which we would like to remind you of if you already possess them, or which we would like to train you in if you don’t. So come along!

A thought…

When you climb a mountain, look to the top and not to the rocks that surround you. Make sure of where you step as you climb, and do not leap in case you loose your footing.

Dr. Muhammad Adb Al Rahaman Al Arifi – Enjoy Your Life

The problem of Justice


This is a courtesy reply to one of my favorite non-Muslim (Jason Knight) blog regarding question “How does Allah maintain his justice if there is no punishment for sin by way of a sacrificial atonement?” I do not want to answer directly, but to provide a critical understanding of word – Justice.

A standard statement for all theologies who believe in God, regardless what is his believe.

  1. All religion have a similar understanding of hell where the bad/sinner people live afterlife. The hell full with blazing fire, very hot, smelly, and for sure it was not a good place to stay.
  2. All religion have a similar understanding of heaven where the the good and believer live afterlife. The heaven being describe as a lot of rivers, fresh air, an environment that people want to live.

Above is the universal concept of Heaven and Hell. Every theology can not escape this concept.

Real Life

  1. Human are being born from his mother womb without knowing what is his family religion. So can God be just?
  2. Human are being born without knowing about his family wealth, education, status, gender, etc. If we are born in poverty family, low education, low social status. So, can God be just?
  3. Sometime human who are rich, suddenly become poor just because he being rob by thief. This is not his fault, so, can God be just?
  4. Human being who healthy, living in a good life suddenly diagnose to have tumor and will die in 3 months. He have a non-working wife with 5 kids. May be he will not suffer because he will die soon, but what about his wife and kids. So, can God be just?
  5. Lion eat lamb for food. Lions killed the lambs for food. Why God must let the lion eat the lamb. Is it the lamb life is lesser than lion. Vise verse. So, can God be just?

The problem

If I understand justice as what today believe as liberalism – equal right, etc. I think I have a problem to become a good person who believe in god. Example:

  1. You have 2 worker, one is lazy and another one is hardworking. You can’t increase an equal remuneration to both person after 1 years.
  2. A thieves that steal $5 dollars and $1000.00 need to be judge differently. In modern world both being prison if being charge guilt. Sometime a person who steal $1000 go out earlier just because he have a good lawyer.
  3. A degree holder have a same salary and position with high school holder.
  4. A person who have same qualification living rich country living like king, but others who living 3rd world country suffer everyday.

There are many example you can create, but the result is almost the same. If you think about equal right, the world is already not just.

Justice

Every gods in this world declare that he is Just and Knowledgeable.

But the result in this world is not that impressive if I based on small scope of understanding of justice as what being implement by non-Muslim.

Conclusion

Scope of justice in Islam is too wide to describe in this small blog. From my observation, most people do not understand the concept of justice and righteous. Sometime they try to separate the theology’s and human law’s concept of justice when they can not give a right answer. The concept are co-related with “God is Justice and Knowledgeable” and the above problem. Most people try to escape from answering the question.

This post is not going to provide the answer, but to let the reader think about about it. How to relate above principle of theology, world, problem and it meaning.

Keep thinking. So what is the meaning of Justice after you relate all the principle?