The Look East Policy


1. I was in Tokyo recently to participate in the celebration of the 30th year of the Look East Policy. Some 15,000 young Malaysians were educated or trained in Japan during those years. Strangely I have not heard anyone of them complain about the policy or their participation. They all seem to be happy with their experience under the Look East Policy.

2. There must be at least a few who may not be happy. But I have not met them.

3. They all seem to be employed and a few have started their own businesses in Malaysia or in Japan. Some are married to Japanese girls.

4. I would like to claim that the Look East Policy was good for Malaysia. Those trained under the programme seem to have imbibed some Japanese characters and values. Actually the Look East Policy was not so much about getting Japanese investments or technologies as it was about learning Japanese work ethics and the discipline of the work place. I believe strongly that the success or otherwise of a person, a race or a nation is dependent on their values, their work ethics and their discipline when doing whatever they have to do.

5. In 1961 when I went to Japan for the first time I observed their diligence and dedication in the work of rebuilding their nation. It was already 16 years after the near-total destruction of their country but there was hardly any trace of it. Everywhere I saw people busily constructing new buildings, everywhere I saw cement-mixer trucks being driven to worksites and back to the mixing plants.

6. I did not see any foreign cars but their cars did not look so good. What struck me most was their behaviour when there was a collision. The drivers came out, bowed to each other and then drove off. What happened after that I do not know.

7. Hotel workers did not accept tips but their service cannot be faulted. Japanese hotel staff, including managers, line up to welcome me upon arrival and to wave goodbye when I leave even after I cease to be the Prime Minister of Malaysia.

8. I was familiar with Japanese products before the Pacific War. They were shoddy and breakdown easily. When a Japanese exhibition ship came to Singapore during my student days, there were crude jokes about scratching the paint off their cars and finding the “Milo” label underneath.

9. By the time I went to Japan, the quality of their cameras and motorcycles could not be questioned. They were superb. So were their watches. Japanese brands had become the mark of quality.

10. Since 1961, I had visited Japan very many times and I was amazed at their progress and the speed with which they demolished their old reputation for low quality. And I wished we in Malaysia could be like them.

11. Everyone knows about “hara-kiri” or “seppuku” the Japanese practice of ritual suicide when they failed in whatever they were tasked to do. When Japan lost the war thousands of Japanese soldiers committed suicide.

12. I thought at first that this Japanese practice was quite inhuman and uncivilised. Then I realised that the Japanese have a strong sense of shame. When they fail they consider it so shameful that life was not worth living.

13. They do not commit hara-kiri now but some of their Ministers would resign if something wrong happened in their ministry. They would accordingly try not to fail in their work.

14. I noticed the quality and fineness of the handmade bamboo products. I believe that this is the result of their trying to avoid feeling ashamed of shoddy work.

15. I think that is why the Japanese produce such high quality products we are familiar with today. Their cars are of the best quality. Really they are as good as the top German cars. In fact in many ways they are better. And I believe this derives from their desire not to be ashamed of their work.

16. Japan is far more secure than most other countries in the East or the West. We don’t read reports of people being coshed in the parks or dark streets. Certainly burglary is not as common as it is in Malaysia.

17. Cleanliness is almost a fetish in Japan. Young school children would not throw rubbish on the road. They would carry whatever they wanted to get rid off until they find a rubbish bin. Japanese employees with ties on can be seen watering and sweeping the pavements in front of their shops. No Malaysian would do this, certainly not with their ties on.

18. Japanese factory workers often arrive early at the work place to discuss with fellow-workers their target for the day. They regard the next shift as their customers who must be served well. They would clean up their work-bench before going off, so that the next shift can start work immediately. They are constantly trying to improve their products. They call this “kaizen”.

19. They have workers unions but they seldom go on strike. Certainly we do not hear of a general strike which really is a political act. They remain loyal to their company for life.

20. In return the company looks after the workers. Until lately they do not sack their workers, preferring to reassign them if the company did not do well or the workers have become unproductive.

21. In recent years they have abandoned this practice. The sacked workers feel so ashamed that they refuse to go home to their families. During the recession the unemployed workers would erect huts of blue plastic in open spaces or wide road dividers and live in them. They would go around collecting tin-cans to shape them into toys to sell for a living. This is something that you do not see anywhere else. The unemployed always expect to be on dole provided by Governments. I have not seen destitute tramps in rags in Japan as I have seen in many Western countries.

22. The Japanese really work hard. This one single character contributes the most to the success of individuals, society or nation. They are not laid back. Akio Morita, the founder of Sony Corporation, tells in his book about how the Japanese worker was willing to be paid with a ball of rice with soya sauce in the early years after the war. That willingness must have contributed much to the recovery of Japan and high pay that Japanese workers enjoy now.

23. Working hard may not mean working smart, but certainly it is much more productive than not working or being laid back.

24. Watching the Japanese and their progress over the years convinced me that adopting their work ethics and the discipline of their work place would do the same for Malaysians and Malaysia.

25. And so hardly a year after becoming Prime Minister, with the authority vested in me I proposed the Look East Policy. Many in my cabinet the administration and the public questioned the wisdom of this policy. Many said why copy the copier; why not go to the source of modern industrial civilisation. But enough accepted the novel policy and so the Look East Policy was adopted and implemented.

26. I believe it is a success. At the Tokyo forum organised by Nomura Securities, Nikkei and Khazanah, the talk was about the future strategies and form that the Look East Policy would take. But whatever, the one single most important aspect of the Look East Policy is the development of a value system, a work culture and ethics that is compatible with success. And among them should be the cultivation of a strong sense of shame when delivering results which do not give pride to the person, the people or the country. This feeling of shame will make us work hard to deliver the best in everything that we do. That is the essence of the Look East Policy. May it continue for the next 30 years at least.

by : Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad – Prime Minister of Malaysia (1981 – 2003), chedet.cc

Asia

 

Enjoy the skills


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These skills give us physical pleasure, and I do not mean by this the pleasure of the Hereafter only. Rather, it is that pleasure one actually feels in this world. So enjoy these skills and practise them with the old, young, rich, poor, near or far. Use these skills with them in order to guard yourself from their harm, to earn their love, or to rectify them.

‘Ali bin al-Jahm was a very eloquent poet, but he was a Bedouin. The only life he knew was the desert life. The Caliph, al-Mutawakkil, was very powerful. People would go to visit him and return with whatever they wished. One day, ‘Ali bin al-Jahm entered Baghdad and it was said to him, “Whoever praises the Caliph is bestowed with honour and gifts.”

‘Ali became excited and went to the Caliph’s palace. There he saw the poets reciting their poems in praise of the Caliph and returning with gifts. Al-Mutawakkil was known for his authority, awe and power. ‘Ali began to praise the Caliph with a poem in which he likened him to a dog, a goat and a bucket, whilst other poets likened him to the sun, the moon and the mountains!

The Caliph became angry, and his guards unsheathed their swords and prepared to strike off his neck. But then, the Caliph realized that ‘Ali bin al-Jahm was from the desert and that his personality and poetic taste was shaped accordingly. He decided to change his personality, so he ordered his men to house him in a section of the palace, be treated with kindness and be given all the available pleasures.

Al-Jahm tasted some of these bounties and sat on couches side by side with eloquent poets and authors for seven months. One day, as the Caliph was sitting in his nightly gathering, he remembered ‘Ali bin al-Jahm, so he sent for him. When al-Jahm finally came to him,he said,“Sing some verses to me, O‘Ali bin al-Jahm!” Al-Jahm began to move emotions using soft and kind words, and likened the king to the sun, the stars and the sword.

Notice how the Caliph was able to change Ibn al-Jahm’s personality. How often have we been upset by the bad behaviour of our children and friends? Did we ever try to change their nature successfully? Even more, you should be able to change your own personality by replacing a frowning face with a smiling one, re-placing anger with forbearance, and miserliness with generosity. None of this is difficult,but it does require determination and persistence, so be brave!

Whoever reads the life of the Prophet realizes that he would deal with people with these skills and capture their hearts. The Prophet would not simply pretend to have these skills in front of people and replace his forbearance with anger when being alone with his family. He was never one to be cheerful with some but sulky with his own family. He was never one to be generous with everyone except his own children and wives.

Rather, he always acted naturally. He would worship Allah by his fine manners just as he would worship Him by offering the Duhaor night prayers. He would consider his smile to be a virtue, his gentleness an act of worship, and his forgiveness and leniency a good deed. The one who considers good manners to be acts of worship will always remain well-mannered, in war and peace, when he is hungry and when he is full, when healthy or ill, and even when happy or sad.

How many women only hear about the refined manners of their husbands, such as their patience, cheerfulness and generosity, but never witness any of these qualities at home? Such husbands, often when at home, are ill-mannered, impatient, sulky and constantly cursing.

As for the Prophet, he said,

“The best of you is the one who is best to his family. And I am the best of you to my family.” (al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah, Sahih)

Now read how he would deal with his family: Al-Aswad bin Yazid said, “I asked ‘A’ishah – may Allah be pleased with her how Allah’s Messenger   would behave in his house. She said:

‘He would be serving his family, and when the time for prayer would come he would perform ablution and leave to pray.’’

The same can be said about parents. How often is it that we hear of the good manners that some display, such as generosity, cheerfulness and kind behaviour towards others, and yet with the closest people to them who have the greatest rights over them, such as their parents, wives and children, they are distant and cold.

Yes, the best of you is the best to his family, to his parents, to his wife, to his servants, and even to his children. One night,as Abu Layla – may Allah be pleased with him – sat next to the Prophet, there came to him, either al-Hasan or al-Husayn, so the Prophet  lifted him up and placed him on his stomach. The toddler then urinated on the Prophet’s stomach. Abu Layla said, “I saw the urine trickling down from the Prophet’s stomach. So we leapt up to the Prophet, but he said: ‘Leave my son alone. Do not scare him.’”When the toddler had finished urinating,he called for some water and poured it over his stomach.’ (Ahmad and al-Tabarani, with trustworthy narrators)

How amazing was the Messenger of Allah to train and adorn himself with such manners! No wonder he was able to win the hearts of the young and old.

Opinion…

Instead of cursing the darkness, try to fix the lamp.

Source : Dr Arifi, Enjoy Your Life

Preparing Children for Ramadan Fasting


Parento want to instill in their children the spirit of Ramadan so that when fasting is eventually compulsory for the kids, they can easily manage Ramadan.

 

It seems that a child may be frightened by a declaration like, “You will not eat anything today until the sun sets.” But in many cases, the opposite is true, as many children see adults fasting during Ramadan, actually look forward to fasting. Just like every other adult activity, Ramadan fasting seems tempting because it is something that’s done by “grown ups.”

However, fasting from sunrise to sunset, is a long time for a starter and parents need to prepare their children before Ramadan fasting becomes incumbent on them. Ramadan becomes incumbent on girls and boys when they reach puberty. Therefore, Muslim families ideally begin to prepare their children for fasting before it’s required, so the task doesn’t seem quite so difficult when the time arrives.

Is My Child Ready to Fast for Ramadan?

Fasting can be tougher for some children as some kids are physically weaker than others and some are more prone to problems stemming from hypoglycemia. Children who are used to eating or munching on something often are more likely to find fasting difficult. Children who are extra active in their play may also have trouble fasting.

However, not only is it the parents’ job to determine whether their children are ready to fast but also to prepare them for fasting so that much of the above mentioned issues can be tackled with without having to compromise on Ramadan fasting. As long as a child is in good health, the child can be introduced to fasting during Ramadan.

Ramadan Fasting Can Be Made Easy For Early Starters

Between seven and nine years of age, it is possible to gradually introduce children to the Ramadan fast. Following are tips on how to make fasting more fun and encouraging for children.

  1. The most important factor is to teach the concept of Ramadan to children so that they can feel the spirit of the month. Most children learn and inherit this spirit when they see parents, older brothers and sisters, grandparents or other family members fast around them exhibiting a great sense of spirituality. When a child realizes the importance of Ramadan, she or he will automatically learn to respect it and face the challenge with bravery.
  2. It is equally important for older family members to avoid displaying their hunger or thirst in front of children. The idea of Ramadan is to build patience and to bring an end to the urge for complaining. Usually there is a sense of festivity in the home, even if the meal is simple, and that sense of enjoyment in the face of living up to Allah’s (God’s) expectations is what needs to be transferred to children.
  3. On a practical front, for first-timers during Ramadan, children can be encouraged to fast until 10:00 a.m or noon. This time barrier can be gradually increased until afternoon or early evening depending upon what the parent deems necessary.
  4. Parents can constantly remind their children of the blessings and rewards that a fasting person receives and the wisdom behind fasting.
  5. Encourage children by preparing their favorite foods when it’s time to break their fast.
  6. For the child fasting from sunrise to sunset for the first time, it is important to provide recognition for the youngster. Invite family and friends for the iftar (the Ramadan meal at sunset) and announce what a great job the child did at fasting!
  7. Give money or gifts to child fasting for the first time as a congratulatory gesture.
  8. Parents should make sure that the children are fed well at suhoor (Ramadan meal at sunrise).
  9. Treat children to their favorite food items during meals at sunrise and sunset. Ask them what they would like to eat that day.
  10. Children can be kept busy as the day progresses and hunger or thirst kicks in. It is a good idea to keep them distracted and would only be fair if candies and tempting food items are kept away from sight so as to not tempt them unnecessarily.
  11. If the child breaks the fast and lies about it, do not call her or him a liar. It’s likely the child lied because he/she didn’t want to disappoint the parent. Instead, use the lie as an opportunity to teach children the importance of honesty.
  12. One strategy is to instill a healthy spirit of competition between children. This is especially effective when the children have peers (cousins, neighbors or friends) who are fasting and who are praying in the mosque. It motivates children to prove that they have the energy and strength to do the same.
  13. For children fasting or trying to, promise them Eid gifts so that they look forward to the Muslim holiday of Eid and are motivated to fast during Ramadan at the same time.

Many adult Muslims can recall the first Ramadan fast they observed when they were children. Despite the fact that the first fast is always difficult to manage, it the successful accomplishment of it that fills the memories. The sense of triumph felt on that day is cherished for life.

Read more at Suite101: Preparing Children for Ramadan Fasting: How to Prepare a Child to Fast During This Muslim Observance | Suite101.com

My mother taught me never to steal


Officials said the pair were out for a dawn stroll when they heard an alarm.

They walked closer to see what was going on and stumbled on a briefcase and a rubbish bag full of money. The pair alerted a nearby security guard, asking him to call the police.

“When we arrived, the couple gave us the money. It might be the money stolen last week from a Japanese restaurant,” said Bruno dos Santos, a Brazilian military police spokesman.

The homeless pair “had the opportunity to flee with the money, but they called a security guard and asked him to call the military police. What they did is commendable,” the spokesman said.

Jesus Silva Santos, the man who found the money, told the press that he earned a little more than £5 a day from recycling rubbish.

“My mother taught me never to steal,” he said.

Source: agencies

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This show that our world still can be save. Out of no where, a regular Joe turn out as hero of the day. What a miracles.  Not everyone can do what he is doing.

The great speech of the day “My mother taught me never to steal”. His mother is real mother who teach her son good way of life. A teaching that never been teach in science class.

Give him and her mother a praise.

Smile.

Library of Baghdad, An advanced international university


Introduction

Scientific libraries in the Muslim world have had a significant impact on the growth and development of the human civilization until they appeared in a modern image. But the House of Wisdom library in Baghdad was, undoubtedly, the greatest place of knowledge in the world without the slightest exaggeration, and one of the scientific treasures produced by the Islamic thought in the past, together with other libraries in other Islamic countries. Though its role has sunk into oblivion, it was tantamount to an international scientific university, a destination for students of different races and religions from the East and the West to study various disciplines of science in multiple languages. Its light has remained shining the road to mankind for nearly five centuries, until it was destroyed by the Tatars.

Library of Baghdad and the House of Wisdom

The Library of Baghdad was founded by the Abbasid Caliph Abu Ja`far al-Mansur in Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid caliphate. Caliph Abu Ja`far al-Mansur allocated a separate building where he collected precious books, both which were authored in Arabic and those translated into Arabic from different languages. When Caliph Harun al-Rashid (who ruled from 170 to 193 AH), who was one of the greatest Abbasid caliphs and the most mentioned in history, came to the throne he tended to restore the books and manuscripts, which were kept in the Caliphate Palace, after they had been piled over each other. Al-Rashid rearranged such manuscripts as well as authored and translated books and put them in a separate building to be suitable for accommodating the larger number of books and be open to all scholars and students. Therefore, he established a

large spacious house, to which he moved all such priceless treasures and called it Bayt-ul-Hikmah (The House of Wisdom) in recognition of its mission, which developed later and became one of the most famous academies of science in history.[1] The largest development the Library of Baghdad witnessed was during the reign of Caliph al-Ma`mun, who brought to it senior translators, transcribes, scientists, and authors. He also sent scientific missions to the Byzantine Empire. And this has had the greatest impact on the renaissance of this unique scientific university.[2]

Thus the House of Wisdom first emerged as a private library, and then became a center for translation, a center for research and writing, and then an institution for teaching science lessons and granting academic degrees. Later, an astronomical observatory was attached to it. The library was divided into the following sections:

Library

The library section was in charge of collecting books from all over the world, organizing them on shelves, and handling them to whoever requested. A scribing and bookbinding section was attached to the library section to copy, bind and repair books. There were many ways to provide the House of Wisdom with books, mainly buying books. Caliph al-Ma’mun used to send missions to Constantinople to bring books of any kind. Sometimes he himself traveled to buy books and send them to the House of Wisdom. Other ways of procurement included gifts; where Caliphs used to dispatch Islamic delegations to foreign countries, which in turn presented them of their books. Sometimes al-Mam’mun accepted Jizyah (poll tax required from non-Muslims living in an Islamic state) in books from those who should pay it. He also used to bring hundreds of scribes, commentators, and translators from all languages for the Arabization of the books from their original languages, in addition to authoring. Therefore, different ways of book procurement converged to supply the library with an unprecedented number and type of books.

Scientific missions

Regarding the scientific missions, Caliph al-Ma’mun wrote to the Byzantine king asking his permission to send the stored heritage of Greek books. According to the Byzantine traditions, such books were inaccessible. The Byzantine emperor declined and then accepted. And so al-Ma’mun dispatched a scientific mission, provided with a number of translators, on top of whom was the chief of the House of Wisdom. The mission toured many places that were thought to have stores of ancient Greek books. The mission returned to al-Ma’mun, loaded with rare books in philosophy, engineering, medicine, astronomy and other sciences. Al-Ma’mun also sent messages to other contemporary kings, asking them to allow his exploration missions to research for books in warehouses. An amusing story was related in this respect, as one of such missions found boxes under an old fortress in Persia. The boxes included a large amount of books of rotten stench. The men of the mission carried the books to Baghdad where they remained a full year until they dried and the stench vanished. After that they could study them.[3]

  1. About Library of Baghdad, see: Khidr Ahmad Atallah: Bayt-ul-Hikmah fi `Asr al-`Abassiyin (The House of Wisdom in the Abbasid Dynasty), p. 29.
  2. Al-Safady: al-Wafy bil-Wafayat (The Perfect in Biographies), 4/336.
  3. See: Ibn al-Nadim: al-Fihrist (The Bibliography), p. 304; and Ibn Abu Usaibi`ah, `Uyun al-Anba’ fi Tabaqat al-Attiba’ (Leading News on Layers of Physicians), p. 172.

Source : http://en.islamstory.com