God of Islam


name of allah2The description of God Islam is being describe details, short (4 verse), and direct to the point. The chapter is be recited by every Muslim. In my knowledge, there was no Muslim that do not know this chapter.“Surah Ikhlas” (Chapter 112) is a very important surah in Quran because it proclaims the Oneness (Creed) and Absolute Nature of Divine Essence.

بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ

قُلۡ ہُوَ اللّٰہُ اَحَدٌ (1) اَللّٰہُ الصَّمَدُ (2) لَمۡ یَلِدۡۙ وَ لَمۡ یُوۡلَدۡ (3) وَ لَمۡ یَکُنۡ لَّہٗ کُفُوًا اَحَدٌ(4

[1] Say, “He is Allah , [who is] One, [2] Allah , the Eternal Refuge. [3] He neither begets nor is born, [4] Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” [Translation Sahih International]

[1] Say (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)): “He is Allah, (the) One. [2] “Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). [3] “He begets not, nor was He begotten; [4] “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” [Translation Muhsin Khan]

[1] Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; [2] Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; [3] He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; [4] And there is none like unto Him. [Translation Yusuf Ali]

Tafsir (Interpretation)

The reason for the revelation of this Surah has already been mentioned. `Ikrimah said, “When the Jews said, `We worship `Uzayr, the son of Allah,’ and the Christians said, `We worship the Messiah (`Isa), the son of Allah,’ and the Zoroastrians said, `We worship the sun and the moon,’ and the idolators said, `We worship idols,’ Allah revealed to His Messenger ,

1. Say: “He is Allah, One.”2. “Allah As-Samad.”3. “He begets not, nor was He begotten.”4. “And there is none comparable to Him.”

The reason for the revelation of this Surah has already been mentioned. `Ikrimah said, “When the Jews said, `We worship `Uzayr, the son of Allah,’ and the Christians said, `We worship the Messiah (`Isa), the son of Allah,’ and the Zoroastrians said, `We worship the sun and the moon,’ and the idolators said, `We worship idols,’ Allah revealed to His Messenger ,

[Say: "He is Allah, One.''] meaning, He is the One, the Singular, Who has no peer, no assistant, no rival, no equal and none comparable to Him. This word (Al-Ahad) cannot be used for anyone in affirmation except Allah the Mighty and Majestic, because He is perfect in all of His attributes and actions. Concerning His saying,

[Allah As-Samad.] `Ikrimah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “This means the One Who all of the creation depends upon for their needs and their requests.” `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas, “He is the Master Who is perfect in His sovereignty, the Most Noble Who is perfect in His nobility, the Most Magnificent Who is perfect in His magnificence, the Most Forbearing Who is perfect in His forbearance, the All-Knowing Who is perfect in His knowledge, and the Most Wise Who is perfect in His wisdom. He is the One Who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority. He is Allah, glory be unto Him. These attributes are not befitting anyone other than Him. He has no coequal and nothing is like Him. Glory be to Allah, the One, the Irresistible.” Al-A`mash reported from Shaqiq, who said that Abu Wa’il said,

(As-Samad.) is the Master Whose control is complete.”

(As-Samad) is One Who does not give birth, nor was He born, because there is nothing that is born except that it will die, and there is nothing that dies except that it leaves behind inheritance, and indeed Allah does not die and He does not leave behind any inheritance.

[And there is none comparable to Him.] This means that there is none similar to Him, none equal to Him and there is nothing at all like Him.” Ibn Abi Hatim also recorded it and At-Tirmidhi mentioned it as a Mursal narration. Then At-Tirmidhi said, “And this is the most correct.”

Then Allah said;

[He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none comparable to Him.] meaning, He does not have any child, parent or spouse. Mujahid said,

(And there is none comparable to Him.) “This means He does not have a spouse.”

This is as Allah says,

He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife He created all things. (Quran 6:101)

meaning, He owns everything and He created everything. So how can He have a peer among His creatures who can be equal to Him, or a relative who can resemble Him Glorified, Exalted and far removed is Allah from such a thing. Allah says,

And they say: Ar-Rahman has begotten a son. Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son to Ar-Rahman. But it is not suitable for Ar-Rahman that He should beget a son. There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto Ar-Rahman as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And all of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection. (19:88-95)

And Allah says,

And they say: “Ar-Rahman has begotten a son. Glory to Him! They are but honored servants. They speak not until He has spoken, and they act on His command. (21:26-27)

Allah also says,

And they have invented a kinship between Him and the Jinn, but the Jinn know well that they have indeed to appear before Him. Glorified is Allah! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! (37:158-159)

In Sahih Al-Bukhari, it is recorded (that that the Prophet said),

There is no one more patient with something harmful that he hears than Allah. They attribute a son to Him, while it is He Who gives them sustenance and cures them.

Al-Bukhari also recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said,

Allah the Mighty and Majestic says, “The Son of Adam denies Me and he has no right to do so, and he abuses Me and he has no right to do so. In reference to his denial of Me, it is his saying: `He (Allah) will never re-create me like He created me before.’ But the re-creation of him is easier than his original creation. As for his cursing Me, it is his saying: `Allah has taken a son.’ But I am the One, the Self-Sufficient Master. I do not give birth, nor was I born, and there is none comparable to Me.”

Resources :  Tafsir Ibn Katsir (1301–1373)

Effects of Sin


Some effects of sin:

1 – Being deprived of knowledge for knowledge is light that Allaah causes to reach the heart, and sin extinguishes that light. When al-Shaafa’i sat before Malik and read to him, he admired him because of the intelligence, alertness and understanding that he saw in him. He said, “I think that Allaah has caused light to enter your heart, so do not extinguish it with the darkness of sin.”

2 – Being deprived of provision. In Musnad Ahmad it is narrated that Thawbaan said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘A man is deprived of provision because of the sins that he commits.’” (Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 4022, classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah).

3 – Sense of alienation that comes between a person and his Lord, and between him and other people. One of the salaf said: “If I disobey Allaah, I see that in the attitude of my riding beast and my wife.”

4 – Things become difficult for him, so that he does not turn his attention towards any matter but he finds the way blocked or he finds it difficult. By the same token, for the one who fears Allaah, things are made easy for him.

5 – The sinner will find darkness in his heart, which he will feel just as he feels the darkness of night. So this darkness affects his heart as the physical darkness affects his vision. For obedience is light and disobedience is darkness. The stronger the darkness grows, the greater becomes his confusion, until he falls into innovation, misguidance and other things that lead to doom, without even realizing, like a blind man who goes out in the darkness of the night, walking alone This darkness grows stronger until it covers the eyes, then it grows stronger until it covers the face, which appears dark and is seen by everyone. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas said: “Good deeds make the face light, give light to the heart, and bring about ample provision, physical strength and love in people’s hearts. Bad deeds make the face dark, give darkness to the heart, and bring about physical weakness, a lack of provision and hatred in people’s hearts.”

6 – Deprivation of worship and obedience. If sin brought no punishment other than that it prevents a person from doing an act of worship which is the opposite of sin, and cuts off access to other acts of worship, that would be bad enough. So the sin cuts off a third way and a fourth way and so on, and because of the sin he is cut off from many acts of worship, each of which would have been better for him than this world and everything in it. So he is like a man who eats food that is bound to cause a lengthy sickness, and thus he is deprived of many other foods that are better than that. And Allaah is the One Whose help we seek.

7 – Sin breeds sin until it dominates a person and he cannot escape from it.

8 – Sin weakens a person’s willpower. It gradually strengthens his will to commit sin and weakens his will to repent until there is no will in his heart to repent at all… so he seeks forgiveness and expresses repentance, but it is merely words on the lips, like the repentance of the liars, whose hearts are still determined to commit sin and persist in it. This is one of the most serious diseases that are most likely to lead to doom.

9 – He will become desensitized and will no longer find sin abhorrent, so it will become his habit, and he will not be bothered if people see him committing the sin or talk about him.

For the leaders of immorality, this is the ultimate shamelessness in which they find great pleasure, such that they feel proud of their sin and will speak of it to people who do not know that they have done it, saying, “O so and so, I did such and such.” Such people cannot be helped and the path to repentance is blocked for them in most cases. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “All of my ummah will be fine except for those who commit sin openly, and that includes cases where Allaah conceals a person’s sin, but the following morning he exposes himself and says, ‘O So and so, I did such and such last night, so he shamelessly exposes himself when all night his Lord had concealed his sin.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5949; Muslim, 2744).

10 – When there are many sins they leave a mark on the heart of the person who commits them, so he becomes one of the negligent. As one of the salaf said, concerning the aayah –

“Nay! But on their hearts is the Raan (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn”

[al-Mutaffifeen 83:14 – interpretation of the meaning] – this means sin after sin.

How this starts is that the heart gets stained by sin, and if the sin increases then the stain grows bigger until it becomes the raan (covering of sin and evil deeds), then it increases until it becomes a seal, and the heart becomes covered and sealed. If that happens after a person had been guided and had understood, then his heart is turned upside down, and at that point the Shaytaan gains control over him and directs him as he wants.

Love Your Neighbor


In modern life, where the sky crapper all over the place, working like insane, less time at home. We always forget something that always close to us – Neighbor. Many modern people like to ignore the existence of their neighbor. Some of the people do not even know who they are. This is what happen to most of us. Right?

 Who are our neighbor - Neighbor is being described as a neighbor within 40 love_your_neighbor_postsettlement houses around our homes, whether from the left, right, forward and back or top and bottom.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was asked, “Who is a neighbor?” He answered, “Your neighbors are 40 houses ahead of you, 40 houses to your back, 40 houses to your right, and 40 houses to your left.” (Mursal hadith)

  In Islam, neighbors have been separate into 3 categories:

1. Muslim neighbor who have a family ties: They have 3 right; Right of Muslim, Relative and Neighbor.

2. Muslim neighbor: They have 2 right; Right of Muslim, and Neighbor.

3. Non- Muslim neighbor: They have 1 right only; Right of Neighbor.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: The neighbor with only one right is the Polytheist (i.e. a non-Muslim neighbor with whom there are no family ties). The neighbor with two rights is the neighbor who is also a Muslim (as such he has a claim as a neighbor as well as a fellow Muslim) and the one with three rights is the neighbor who is a Muslim and a Relative – he has a claim as a neighbor, as a fellow Muslim and as a relative”. (Hadith from Jabir r.a)

What has Islam teach us regarding neighbor?

Be good – We must love our neighbor same how we love our self.

If we don’t like being bullied, we don’t bully others.

If we like people makle nice to us, we make nice to others.

If we like people to give a gift to us, we need to give a gift to them also. It was simple as that.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) observed: one amongst you believes (truly) till one likes for his brother or for his neighbor that which he loves for himself. (Sahih Muslim, Bk 1, Number 0072)

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) observed: By Him in whose Hand is my life, no, bondsman (truly) believes till he likes for his neighbor, or he (the Holy Prophet) said: for his brother, whatever he likes for himself. (Sahih Muslim, Bk 1, Number 0073)

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) observed: He will not enter Paradise whose neighbor is not secure from his wrongful conduct. (Sahih Muslim, Bk 1, Number 0074)

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: He should do good to the neighbor. (Sahih Muslim, Bk 1, Number 0077)

Conclusion

Who ever our neighbor is, we are required to be communicate,be good, respect, honor them.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “The best of companions with Allah is the one who is best to his companions, and the best of neighbours to Allah is the one who is the best of them to his neighbour”. [At-Tirmidhi].

To be continued : The manners and Neighboring Rights

Let see what Islam said about this – in other blogs:

Hadith – Good manners in speech and behavior towards neighbors and guests

Hadith: “Speak a good word or remain silent”

The Right of Neighbor

Neighborhood Etiquette in Islam

LET See what other religion think about it:

its-hard-to-love-your-neighbor

Love God, Love Your Neighbor

To Learn to Love Your Neighbour Must You Learn to Love Yourself?

Love God & Your Neighbor?

Week Four: Love Your Neighbor As Yourself

Prophet hood in Islam


Prophets are also miraculously supported by God and instructed by Him to affirm the continuity of His message. In brief, the divine revelation consists of the following information:

a) A clear concept of God, His attributes and creation, and what should and should not be ascribed to Him.

b) A clear idea about the unseen world, angels and jinn (spirits), paradise and hell.

c) Why has God created us? What does He want from us? Will we be rewarded (or punished) for obeying (or disobeying) Him?

d) A clear explanation of how to order our societies according to His will. This involves the implementation of a law that, when applied correctly and honestly, will bring about a happy and ideal society.

As we have seen in the above discussion, there is no substitute for prophets. Despite the tremendous and impressive advancements of modern science, even it cannot provide authentic information about the supernatural world or provide guidance. Its very nature, which is too materialistic and limited, precludes it from serving this purpose. Mystic experience is also unsuitable, for it is too subjective and, frequently, too misleading.

Now one might ask: How many prophets has Allah sent to humanity? Although we cannot answer this question definitively, some Muslim scholars place the number at two hundred forty thousand. We are only sure of what is clearly mentioned in the Qur’an: God has sent one or more messengers to each nation, for He would not be just if he were to hold a nation to account for its actions w shout first informing its people of what is allowed and what is not. The Qur’an mentions twenty-five prophets by name (i.e., Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad, who are considered the greatest of all the prophets) and indicates that there were others not known to Muhammad.

Muslims are required to believe in and to respect all of the messengers of Allah without exception. Since all the prophets come from the same God and for the same purpose-to lead humanity to Allah-belief in them all is essential and logical. If some are accepted and others are rejected , it is due to the individual’s misunderstanding of the prophet’s role or of racial (or other) bias.

The Muslims are unique in considering belief in all of the prophets of God to be an article of faith. The Jews reject Jesus Christ and Muhammad; the Christians reject Muhammad and, in reality, reject Moses because they do not abide by his laws. The Muslims accept them all as messengers of God who brought guidance to mankind. However, this acceptance is characterized with a degree of caution, for the Qur’an and the Prophet states the revelation conveyed by those prophets has been distorted and corrupted by those who received it. We read in the Qur’an:

Say (O Muslim s), we believe in Allah and that which is revealed to us and that which was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael, and Isaac and Jacob, and their children, and that which Moses and Jesus received and that the prophets received from their Lord. We maize no distinction between any of them and unto Him we have surrendered. (2:136)

The Qur’an tells the Muslims that this is the true and impartial belief. If other nations share this belief, it means that they are on the right track. If they do not share this belief, it means that they are following their own whim s and biases. The Qur’an says:

And if they believe in what you believe, then are they rightly guided. But if they turn away, then they are in disunity, and Allah will suffice you against them. He is the Hearer; the Knower: This is Gods religion and Who is better than God in religion ? (2:137-38)

There are two important points that need to be clarified about the roles of Jesus and Muhammad, as they are usually misunderstood and distorted. In the case of Jesus, the Qur’an rejects completely the Christian assertion of his divinity and his status of the “son” of God. It also states that the unusual circumstances of his birth-without a father-does not make him a “son” of God, for if this logic were followed to its logical conclusion, Adam, who had no father and no mother, would be greater than Jesus, for: Truly the likeness of Jesus, in God’s sight, is as Adam ‘s likeness; He created him of dust, then said unto him, “Be,” and he was (3:59).

Like other prophets, Jesus performed miracles: he raised the dead and cured the blind and the lepers. He also made it perfectly clear that these miracles were done by God, not by him. But his message was distorted, because;it was not recorded in his presence and under his direction, but only about one hundred years after his death.

According to the Qur’an, Jesus was sent to the children of Israel to confirm the Torah of Moses and to bring glad tidings of a final messenger who would come after him:

And when Jesus son of Mary said, Children of Israel, I am indeed the Messenger to you, confirming the Torah that is before me, and giving good tidings of a Messenger who shall com e after m e, whose name shall be the praised one. (61:6)

(the underlined portion is the translation of Ahmad, which is also a name of the Prophet Muhammad).

However, the majority of the Jews rejected his ministry and plotted against his life. The Qur’anic account of his death differs from the one found in the New Testament: he was not killed or crucified, but rather was raised to heaven by God. It is also implied that Jesus will return one day and that all of the Christians and Jews will believe in him before he dies. This is also supported by authentic sayings of the Prophet Muhammad.

Muhammad, the last prophet of God, was born in Makkah in the sixth century CE. Until the age of forty, he was known as a man of excellent character and cultured manners. These characteristics earned for him the nickname of al-Amin (The Trustworthy). There were no prior indications that Allah had chosen him to be His last messenger. Once he was entrusted with this task, however, he began calling his idol-worshipping people to Islam. The revelation was recorded during his lifetime in writing and in the memory of his followers. The care taken to preserve each revelation as it was transmitted by the Prophet ensured that it would reach future generations in an uncorrupted form. As Allah has stated that the Qur’an would be preserved accurately, it is the source of divine guidance for all time, and the Prophet Muhammad is His final prophet.

Ahmad Deedat : The Choice (Dialogue Islam & Christian)


TheChoice

The Choice – Dialogue Islam & Christian written by  Sheikh Ahmad Hussein Deedat. He is more well known by name, Ahmad Deedat. Even he is not a scholar, but his knowledge in Bible and Quran made him famous in theology and comparative of religion. One of his famous action is open debate tour in Europe, Australia and North America with well known Christian Priest/Preacher in their continent. Deedat died on August 2006, at age 85.

This is one of fascinating book that I have read recently. The discussion of Bible & Quran regarding theology aspect & God. This book has being separate to two book, Volume 1 & 2.

 

The first volume itself have 4 major chapter. First chapter discussed about “ Muhammad in the Bible”. The discussion are majorly discuss about Jesus as Messiah, Life of Jesus, Law of God, race of Israel,  Old Testament and New Testament.

The topic also cover regarding natural successor to Jesus. Topic are been debate regarding Last Messiah, God words, Muhammad is “Paraclete”, and prophecy, prophecy that been fulfill.

History of Muhammad, his religion and the choice of man also being discussed. He also describe regarding relation between knowledge, Quran, Miracle of Quran and God.

In 2nd volume, discuss about People of The Book, Incest, revelation and Pornography. ‘Is it Bible is Word of God’, the error in Bible, Plagiarism in New Testament, and Crucifixion in Christianity is also being discussed.

For me this book is very worth to read by Jewish, Christian or Muslim to understand Christian religion in perspective of Muslim preacher. The topic is being separate in good syllabus and all reference of verse (Quran and Bible) is well written for easy reference.

The book is very popular, you can easily search in amazon, ebay or  google “The Choice Deedat” to get more information.